Over 43 million children were ‘displaced’ by end of 2022 – UNICEF
Children’s charity UNICEF says that by the end of 2022, a record 43.3 million children lived in ‘forced displacement’. Put another way, they have been abruptly removed from their homes.
With many going through this traumatic experience for the entirety of their childhood, the number of youngsters forcibly removed from their homes doubled in the last decade, outpacing efforts to include and protect refugee and internally displaced children.
The war in Ukraine has forced more than two million Ukrainian children to flee the country and displaced more than one million children inside the country. Catherine Russell, UNICEF Executive Director, said: “For more than a decade, the number of children forced to flee their homes has risen at an alarming rate, and our global capacity to respond remains under serious strain,”
“The increase is in step with the consistent onslaught of conflict, crises and climate disasters around the world. But it also highlights many governments’ underwhelming response to ensure every refugee and internally displaced child can keep learning, stay healthy and develop to their full potential.”
‘Greater political will is required’
Of the 43.3 million children who were forcibly displaced by the end of 2022, almost 60 per cent (25.8 million) were internally displaced by conflict and violence. The number of refugee and asylum-seeking children also hit a new record of 17.5 million, a number that does not even include those newly displaced in 2023, including by the conflict in Sudan. UNICEF estimates more than 940,000 children have been displaced because of the conflict to date. In addition, extreme weather events, such as the Pakistan floods and the Horn of Africa drought, led to another 12.0 million displacements of children over the course of 2022.
Internally displaced and refugee children are often amongst the most vulnerable. Many are denied access to education and health care, miss out on routine immunisation and cannot access social protection.
For many children, displacement is becoming increasingly protracted. Most children displaced today will spend their entire childhoods in displacement. Climate induced displacement is expected to increase rapidly without urgent action to mitigate global warming and prepare communities living on the frontline of the climate crisis.
Greater political will is required to address the drivers of displacement and provide long-term solutions for children on the move,” said Russell.
“A record number of refugee, migrant and displaced children – a global population that rivals that of Algeria, Argentina or even Spain – demands a commensurate response. We have seen sustained change when governments properly invest in the inclusion of displaced children and families. By working together, we can keep them safe, healthy, learning and protected.”
UNICEF is calling on governments to leave no child behind by:
- Recognising refugee, migrant and displaced children as children first and foremost – with rights to protection, inclusion, and participation
- Providing safe and legal pathways for children to move, seek asylum and reunite with family
- Ensuring no child is detained because of their migration status or returned without safeguards unless return has been determined to be in a child’s best interests
- Strengthening national education, health, child protection and social protection systems to include displaced children without discrimination
- Investing in national child protection systems to better protect children on the move at risk from exploitation and violence, particularly unaccompanied children
- Listening to and meaningfully engaging displaced children in finding solutions that are sustainable and inclusive and that can help them realise their full potential.
UNICEF is the Chair of the Secretariat of the International Data Alliance for Children on the Move (IDAC), leading global efforts to improve the availability and quality of data to improve outcomes for children on the move. Click here for more information.