Many youths ‘lack skills needed for employment’ – report
Nearly three quarters of young people aged 15 to 24 in 92 countries with available data are ‘off-track’ to acquire the skills needed for employment.
That’s one of the key messages from a new report by the Education Commission and UNICEF, and supported by Generation Unlimited to mark World Youth Skills Day, featuring analyses on skills development in early childhood, and among children of primary school age and youth
Recovering learning: Are children and youth on track in skills development? highlights low levels of skills among children and young people across all age groups, with young people in low-income countries the least likely to have the skills required to thrive, particularly in future employment opportunities, decent work, and entrepreneurship.
Robert Jenkins, UNICEF’s Director of Education, said: “An inspired, skilled generation of children and young people is critical for prosperity, progression, and the success of societies and economies. Yet, the majority of children and young people across the world have been failed by their education systems, leaving them uneducated, uninspired, and unskilled – the perfect storm for unproductivity.
Investment in cost-effective, proven solutions to fast-track learning and skills development for today’s generation and future generations is urgently needed to address this crisis.
With high rates of out-of-school young people and low attainment of secondary-level skills, countries worldwide are facing a skills crisis, with the majority of youth unprepared to take part in today’s workforce, the report notes.
Deep disparities across countries and among those from the poorest communities are increasing inequalities. In at least 1 in 3 low-income countries with available data, more than 85 percent of young people are off-track in the secondary-level, digital, and job-specific skills attainment, the report notes.
Liesbet Steer, Executive Director of the Education Commission, said that young people needed ‘holistic support’ to help give them the best chance to recover the ‘learning losses’ due to the pandemic.
“But we can’t recover what we can’t measure – we need to know where children and youth are in building the range of skills they need and monitor their progress,” she said. “That’s why the Education Commission, UNICEF, and partners have been working to address critical data gaps, including the launch of the World Skills Clock to help track progress on and raise awareness around youth skills attainment around the world so we can target urgent action to prepare this generation to thrive in the future.”
Information gathered from 77 countries shows that less than three-quarters of children aged between three and five years old are developmentally on track in at least three out of the four domains of literacy-numeracy, physical, social-emotional, and learning.
‘Governments must reach every child with quality education’
At approximately 10 years old, the majority of children in low- and middle-income countries are unable to read and understand a simple text. These foundational skills are the building blocks for further learning and skills development, the report notes.
The report goes on to say that basic literacy and numeracy; transferable skills including life skills and socio-emotional skills; digital skills, which allow individuals to use and understand technology; job-specific skills, which support the transition into the workforce; and entrepreneurial skills are essential for children to thrive. These skills are also critical for the development of societies and economies.
UNICEF and the Education Commission are urging governments to reach every child with quality education and break down the barriers that put them at risk of dropping out; assess children’s learning levels and provide tailored catch-up classes to bring them up to speed; prioritize foundational skills to build a strong base for lifelong learning; and support psychosocial health and well-being by providing holistic support. The report outlines the need for more extensive data on the skills gap among children and young people across all age groups.