The State of Play in the USA
A study comparing mothers to their children found that 70% of mothers said they played outside every day when they were girls, while only 31% said their children did the same. And 56% said they played outside for three or more hours, while only 22% said this about their children. Moreover, 85% said children today play outside less often than children of a few years ago. 85 % said the top reason for this decline was time spent watching TV and playing computer/video games.
Kids spend a lot of time in front of entertainment screens—televisions, computers, and smaller electronic devices. Even the most conservative estimates put screen time for children ages 0 to 8 at two hours per day, and a recent University of Michigan Health System study found that 26% of parents report that their children 2–5 years old have three or more hours of daily entertainment screen time 12. Other studies show that usage increases dramatically as children get older—as 8- to 10-year-olds are on screens for five and a half hours per day. The most recent study done by Kaiser Family Foundation demonstrated that kids 8-18 spent 8 ½ hours per day on ‘screen time’.
Children are not playing in schools
A 2009 study published in the journal Pediatrics found that 30 % of children surveyed had little to no recess in their school day. That’s nearly one in three kids. This is in spite of research, such as a Gallup poll revealing that elementary school principals overwhelmingly believe recess has a positive impact not only on the development of students’ social skills, but also on achievement and learning in the classroom.
The updated journal of Pediatrics study completed in 2015, showed:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The use of tablets and smartphones among young children has simply become child’s play, with kids able to skillfully tap and swipe before they can walk or talk.
1. Prior research found that compared to 1981, children in 1997 spent less time in play and had less free time. They spent 18 percent more time at school, 145 percent more time doing schoolwork, and 168 percent more time shopping with parents. The researchers found that, including computer play, children in 1997 spent only about eleven hours per week at play.
2. As children’s play time declined, this lack of play affects emotional development, leading to the rise of anxiety, depression, and problems of attention and self control.
3. 5 year olds today have the emotional development of 3 year olds of the past.
4. Parents must make the time to allow their kids to play, play brings many benefits to your child and you.
Play Increases Cognitive Capacity
Active play helps children adjust to the school setting, and enhances their learning readiness, behavior, and problem solving skills. Schools without recess face increased incidents of classroom behavioral problems, which detract from learning time. Play also may increase children’s capacity to store new information, as their cognitive capacity is enhanced when they are offered drastic changes in activity—switching from English to math is not enough. The decline of time for recess, and other opportunities for active play in school, is happening across the board.
A 2008 report from the Center on Education Policy found that between 2001–2002 and 2006–07, 16% of schools cut art and music and 20 % cut recess. But it disproportionately affects the 16 million American children living in poverty.
In the same report, high-poverty elementary schools were four to five times more likely to go without recess (18–28%) than schools with the lowest age of children in poverty (4–5%).
Only 9% of elementary schools, 8% of middle schools and 2% of high schools provide daily physical education for all students. According to the Institute of Medicine, 44% of schools across the United States have no Physical Education Classes since The No Child Left Behind Act was passed in 2001.
Author: Kamille Bratton
Photo Credit: Photo by Richard Leeming https://www.flickr.com/photos/dickdotcom/